Značaj dubrovačkih Jevreja
The role of the Jews of Dubrovnik
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Ekonomski razlozi uticali su na Jevreje da su došli u Dubrovnik. Njihova poslovna aktivnost u ovom gradu započela je vrlo rano, ali je bila naročito živa i važna u novom vijeku. Tako su dubrovački Jevreji izvršili jednu značajnu ulogu u svojoj novoj domovini, i to ne samo ekonomsku. Svojiim radom i životom, iako malobrojni, predstavljali su za Dubrovnik važnu skupinu njegova stanovništva i privrednog života. Na koncu ove historijske studije potrebno je i to istaći i objasniti. Trgovina je bila glavno zanimanje dubrovačkih Jevreja, ali ne svaka trgovina, nego skoro isključivo tranzitna. Na tome su vrlo mnogo radili posredujući tameđu Balkana i Italije, te ostalog Zapada. Time su se i sami Dubrovčani mnogo bavili, jer su po cijelom Balkanu, kao i Jevreji, imali svojih trgovačkih kolonija. Ali, ipak, postoji razlika u radu jednih i drugih. Odnosno, nisu dubrovački i jevrejski predstavnici ovakve trgovine mogli da jedni druge potpuno zamijene, niti su po sam Dubrovnik bili od jednake koris...ti. U toj razlici je i ležala važnost jevrejskih trgovaca za dubrovačku državu.
The late professor Dr Jorjo Tadić has given a synthetical survey of the historical role and importance of the Jews settled in Dubrovnik in his comprehensive monograph The Jews in Dubrovnik until the middle of the 17th century (Sarajevo 1937) in form of a concise summary. As the most copies of this book have been destroyed during the war 1941-1945 and the work in question having a great scientific value, particularly for the knowledge of Jewish history, it is of no little importance for the readers of the present miscellany to get acquainted with Tadić’s general views on the history of the Jews of Dubrovnik. According to Professor Dr Jorjo Tadić the greatest importance of the historical role of the Jews of Dubrovnik consisted in the fact that they had included Dubrovnik into their business system giving thereby a sensible impulse to the transit trade of this town. The Jews of Dubrovnik were engaged very rarely lin crafts and in small local trade. They occupied themselves, in the first p...lace, with the transit trade through the port of Dubrovnik, acting as the intermediary between the Balkan market and the Mediterranean countries, in the first place ltaly. Being well-received in some Italian States of the 16th century and still better In the Turkish Empire, they established on both sides their independent trading systems which were connected with each other through Dubrovnik. In fact, the Jews of Dubrovnik took no part in the analogous trading systems of their town in the Balkans and in the Mediterranean region. Consequently, they never assumed a competitive attitude towards the merchants of Dubrovnik nor provoked in them economic or religious antagonism. Connecting through Dubrovnik their two important trading systems to each other, they contributed In this way to the economic prosperity and enrichment of their town. It is quite understandable, therefore, that some eminent Jewish physicians, humanists, theologians, philologists or poets came to settle in Dubrovnik, temporarily or permanently and that among the Jews of Dubrovnik themselves there appeared writers who occupied prominent places in the Intellectual life of their people in the 16th and 17th centuries. This refers, first of all, to Amatus Lusitanus, the renowned author of medical treatises and physician, to Didak (Pir, a very well known poet among the Latinists of the 16th century, as well as to Aaron Cohen, author of learned treaties and books from the field of biblistic.
Keywords:Jevreji Dubrovnika / trgovina - Jevreji / Jews of Dubrovnik / trade - Jews
Source:Zbornik 1 : Studije i građa o Jevrejima Dubrovnika, Jevrejski istorijski muzej - Beograd = Jewish studies 1 : Studies and documents about Jews in Dubrovnik, Jewish historical museum - Belgrade, 1971, 1, 1-8
- Beograd : Savez jevrejskih opština Jugoslavije [Federation of Jewish Communitues in Jugoslavia]