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Dr. Nehemiah Schönfein - Holocaust victim biography

dc.creatorDamjanović, Miloš M.
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-02T18:41:13Z
dc.date.available2020-08-02T18:41:13Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.issn2303-744X
dc.identifier.issn2303-856X (Online)
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.jusp-donjagradina.org/wp-content/uploads/casopis/casopis-topola-sveska-4.pdf
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.jevrejskadigitalnabiblioteka.rs/handle/123456789/1224
dc.description.abstractNehemije Šenfajn, lekar u Kosovskoj Mitrovici između dva svetska rata, predstavljao je pravi primer humanosti koji oličava taj poziv. Celog sebe uložio je u razvoj i pružanje medicinskih usluga stanovništvu šireg područja grada, u koji je došao i nastanio se, isključivo iz razloga zdravstvene pomoći ugroženom narodu. Ovaj ruski Jevrejin, naseljen u neutralnoj Švajcarskoj tokom Prvog svetskog rata, susreo se sa članovima jedne srpske delegacije koja ga je upoznala sa opštim prilikama u ratom opustošenoj zemlji. Zainteresovan za lični doprinos saniranju zdravstvenih prilika u zaboravljenim i zabačenim evropskim predelima, Šenfajn se stavio na raspolaganje svojim sagovornicima i, po završetku Velikog rata, došao na Kosmet. Boraveći kratko vreme u Prištini, trajno se nastanio u Kosovskoj Mitrovici, gde se bavio lekarskom praksom u privatnoj režiji, ali i državnoj službi. Sa suprugom protestantske veroispovesti i dve ćerke, živeo je u gradu na Ibru sve do nacističke okupacije i njihovog „konačnog rešenja jevrejskog pitanja“. Pored svog glavnog zanimanja, po kome je bio prepoznatljiv i na širem geografskom tlu, i upamćen na vremenskom rastojanju daleko iza smrti, dr Šenfajn je bio jedan od retkih industrijalaca u gradu. Jedan od retkih Aškenaza u gradu, podelio je sudbinu ostalog lokalnog jevrejskog stanovništva, koje je bilo sefardskog porekla. Bez izuzetka, sve koji su im bili dostupni, nacisti su lišili slobode i deportovali železnicom do logora na Starom Sajmištu, gde su ih na jeziv način likvidirali uz većinu ostalih zatočenika. Tako se tragično okončao i život dr Nehemija Šenfajna koji je nesebično i požrtvovano lečio od bolesti i spasavao smrti ljude bez ikakvog ekskluziviteta bez obzira na njihove verske, ekonomske, nacionalne ili koje druge razlike. Supruga i deca uspeli su da prežive rat, zahvaljujući intervenciji švajcarskih diplomatskih predstavnika, koji su im izdali dokumenta o arijevskom poreklu. U radu će se pokušati rekonstruisati bogata biografija ovog znamenitog, uglednog i poštovanog Mitrovčanina, čiji je intenzitet i raznovrsnost socijalnog aktivizma ostavio nezaboravan trag u životu građana.sr
dc.description.abstractNehemiah Schönfein, a Kosovska Mitrovica doctor between the two world wars, represented a genuine example of humanity implied by this calling. He invested his whole self into the development and offering medical assistance to the population of the wider cityscape, where he came and settled, only for the reason of providing health assistance to the endangered people. This Russian Jew, that inhabited neutral Switzerland during the First World War, met members of one Serbian delegation that introduced him to the general circumstances in the war-torn country. Interested in giving a personal contribution to remedying health circumstances in the forgotten and remote European areas, Schönfein offered his services to his interlocutors and after the termination of the Great War, he came to Kosovo and Metohija. Taking a short stand in Priština, he settled permanently in Kosovska Mitrovica, where he performed his medical practice in a private office, but also in the service of the state. With his protestant wife and two daughters, he lived in the city located on the Ibar river up until the Nazi occupation and their “final solution to the Jewish question.” Besides his main occupation, due to which he was well-known in the wider geographical area, he was also remembered for his distance far behind death, Dr Schönfein was one of the rare industrialists in the city. One of the rare Ashkenazim in the city shared the destiny of the remaining local Jewish population of Sephardic origin. Without any exceptions, the Nazis deprived of liberty and deported via rails to Staro Sajmište all those who were captured, where they were executed in a macabre manner alongside most of the other prisoners. This is how the life of Dr Nehemiah Schönfein had tragically ended, a man who selflessly sacrificed himself to save people without any exclusivity with regard to their religious, economic, national, or other differences. The wife and children managed to survive the war, thanks to the intervention of the Swiss diplomatic core who issued them documents proving their Aryan descent. This paper shall attempt to reconstruct the rich biography of this famous, reputable, and respected Kosovska Mitrovica citizen, whose intensity and diversity of civic activism left unforgettable traces in the lives of his fellow citizens.en
dc.language.isosrsr
dc.publisherJU Spomen-područje Donja Gradina
dc.rightsopenAccesssr
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.sourceTopola - časopis JU Spomen područja Donja Gradinasr
dc.subjectNehemija Šenfajn (1886- 1942), lekarsr
dc.subjectNehemiah Schönfein (1886-1942), doctorsr
dc.subjectJevreji - Kosovska Mitrovicasr
dc.subjectJevreji - zdravstvosr
dc.subjectJews - healthcaresr
dc.subjectJevreji - Kosovo i Metohijasr
dc.subjectHolokaustsr
dc.titleDr Nehemije Šenfajn - Biografija žrtve Holokaustasr
dc.titleDr. Nehemiah Schönfein - Holocaust victim biographysr
dc.typearticlesr
dc.rights.licenseBY-NC-NDsr
dcterms.abstractДамјановић, Милош М.; Др Нехемије Шенфајн - Биографија жртве Холокауста; Др Нехемије Шенфајн - Биографија жртве Холокауста;
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://jevrejskadigitalnabiblioteka.rs/bitstream/id/3804/DrNehemijaSenfajn.pdf
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionsr
dc.citation.spage32
dc.citation.epage50
dc.citation.issue4
dc.citation.volume4
dc.description.other"Topola - Јоurnal of the Memorial Zone Donja Gradina Topola (Топола), noun - Poplar (lat. Populus); the “Poplar of Horror” was a poplar tree located at the bank of Sava and Una rivers, used as gallows by the executioners from the Jasenovac concentration camp.sr
dc.description.otherOvaj rad je na 62. nagradnom konkursu Saveza jevrejskih opština Srbije, 2018. godine, dobio III nagradu.sr


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