Napomene uz rad "Prilog izučavanju učešća bačkih Jevreja u NOR-u naroda Jugoslavije"
Introductory remarks to the contribution of Dušan Jelić
Article (Published version)
MetadataShow full item record
Rad Dušana Jelića o učešću Jevreja u NOB u Bačkoj obuhvata obrađenu temu šire nego što to zahteva čisto faktografski metod; osim toga piše o jednoj pojavi koja, iako vezana za Bačku, ima mnogo širi značaj. Kad je već tako, izgleda mi da će biti korisno dati još neke opšte podatke o drštvenom položaju Jevreja između dva rata u Bačkoj i Vojvodini uopšte i da se pokaže da je taj položaj odraz položaja Jevreja u Srednjoj Evropi. Razume se, ti podaci mogu imati određenu vrednost i sami za sebe u pogledu obaveštavanja čitalaca, naročito za mlađe čitaoce koji nisu bili savremenici tih događaja.
As a supplement to the work of Dušan Jelić and with a purpose to throw more light on the facts and events given and set forth in that writing, professor Gams describes, in wide general terms, the social status of Jews in Central Europe between the two world wars, particularly in Hungary to which Bačka belonged until WWI, as well as in the former Yugoslav kingdom. The causes of antisemitism in the countries of Central Europe which lost the war are particularly pointed to. This is elaborated in more details with regard to Hungary where the role of Jews before WWI was considerable and positive, and where after the peace treaty of Trianon the responsibility of the imaginary guilt for the historic catastrophe and social crisis was thrown on Jews. Further, the social conditions in the former Yugoslav kingdom are referred to, more particularly the difficult economic situation and the unresolved national question. Antisemitism did not make its appearance felt here, at least not to a considerab...le degree, but the situation of the Jewish youth became hopeless for all the same because Yugoslavia could not avoid either the social and political currents of Central Europe which paved the way for fascist movements and national-socialism. The Jewish youth in Yugoslavia sought the way out in the left-oriented zionist movements and in the Communist Party of Yugoslavia the program of which offered the prospect for the final solution of the Jewish question.
Keywords:Jevreji Bačke / Jews of Bačka / Jevreji - Narodnooslobodilačka borba / Jews - liberation war
Source:Zbornik 3 : Studije i građa o učešću Jevreja u Narodnooslobodilačkom ratu, Jevrejski istorijski muzej - Beograd = Jewish studies 3 : Studies and facts and figures on participation of Jews in the people's liberation war, Jewish historical museum - Belgrade, 1975, 3, 45-52
- Beograd : Savez jevrejskih opština Jugoslavije [Federation of Jewish Communitues in Jugoslavia]